Your FDD will expire on a national level 120 days after your fiscal year end.
So, if your fiscal year end is December 31, your FDD will expire on April 30.
When your FDD expires in a certain state will depend on whether that state’s registration is tied to your fiscal year end or if it is tied the effective date of registration.

For example, several states’ registrations also expire 120 days after your fiscal year end. If your fiscal year end is December 31, your FDD will expire on April 30 (many states require that your FDD arrive in their office before the expiration date so do not plan on mailing your FDD on April 29). Other states will expire 12 months after your registration date.

It is important to realize that while your registration in a state may still be effective, your FDD may not. For example, you are a franchisor with a December 31 fiscal year end. Your FDD expires on April 30. You might be registered in Maryland with an effective date of June 30, meaning your Maryland registration is still valid until the following June 30. However, if your FDD is expired, you cannot use it to offer or sell franchises in Maryland, even though you have a valid registration. This is one of the reasons it is important to update your FDD well before expiration date.

Here is a chart showing the registration or filing state’s expiration timelines:

REGISTRATION OR FILING STATE

REGISTRATION EXPIRATION DATE

CALIFORNIA 110 days after your fiscal year end
CONNECTICUT Once exempt, does not expire
FLORIDA One year after the effective date
>HAWAII 90 days after your fiscal year end
ILLINOIS 120 days after your fiscal year end
INDIANA One year after the effective date
KENTUCKY Once exempt, does not expire
MARYLAND One year after the effective date
MICHIGAN One year after the effective date
MINNESOTA 120 days after your fiscal year end
NEBRASKA Once exempt, does not expire
NEW YORK 120 days after your fiscal year end
NORTH DAKOTA One year after the effective date, but an amendment or early renewal is due 120 days after your fiscal year end
RHODE ISLAND One year after the effective date
SOUTH DAKOTA One year after the effective date
TEXAS Once exempt, does not expire
UTAH One year after the effective date
VIRGINIA One year after the effective date
WASHINGTON One year after the effective date
WISCONSIN One year after the effective date